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3 Most Common Types of Learning Disabilities

Having known that learning disability is a neurologically – based disability that affects processes in the brain, learning disability is in no way an intellectual disability. People diagnosed with learning disability have average or even above – average IQ. To better understand the people diagnosed with learning disability, let’s have a quick run on its three most common types.

Dyslexia

This learning disability affects reading and related language – based processing skills. [ Meaning, it can affect reading comprehension and fluency. There are two types under this disability. Basic reading problems is when there is “difficulty understanding the connection between sounds, letters and words”. Reading comprehension problems is when there is an “inability to grasp the meaning of words, phrases, and paragraphs.”

Dyscalculia

This learning disability affects the person’s processing of numbers and mathematical facts.  They may also struggle with organisation and memorisation of numbers, or doing activities such as telling time, or counting in sequence. There are many different types of maths and there varying degrees as to how and when the disability affects a person’s life.

Dysgraphia

This disability is where the diagnosed finds it very challenging to write at a given space, thus affecting the handwriting and motor skills of the individual. From holding a pencil to staying relaxed and in correct posture while writing, these can all be a challenge to the diagnosed. Accordingly, “dysgraphia may also cause students to struggle with basic sentence structure and grammatical awareness.” 

There are other learning disabilities you can encounter and the more complex it gets, its best to seek professionals about it and consult for the proper care the diagnosed person should receive.

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